Posted On: Thursday - January 19th 2023 10:34PM MST
In Topics:   Commies  History  Media Stupidity  US Feral Government  Books
Thanks to commenter Adam Smith for steering us all to an on-line copy of this book - HERE.
Peak Stupidity's review of this important history book by M. Stanton Evans is long overdue. I finished the book months ago, the library might want it back*, and I'm gonna forget half of it if I don't get this going. However, we've had 4 posts already based on certain stories within it, namely Young Commies in LUV - - Did American Commies cause the attack on Pearl Harbor? - - Truman v McCarthy, McCarran, and Ike and Same Stuff, Different Decade....
Published in '07, Blacklisted by History is subtitled The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy. However, there's only a very short biography of the man, less than one short chapter out of 44, called The Caveman in the Sewer**. This book is about the political struggle of this famous/infamous (depending on whether you fell for the 70 year-long lies or not) Senator against Communists that had infiltrated the US State Department and, to a lesser extent, other parts of the US Feral Gov't, in the 1930's through 1954. 1954 was the year he was censured by Congress, and Joe McCarthy died only 30 months later.
In those few biography-oriented pages, we learn that Joe McCarthy was a lawyer, as are many legislators, which soon enough came in handy in his anti-Communist work in the Senate. We also learn about that appellation "Tail-gunner Joe" that the Senator was disparagingly referred to by his domestic enemies. Joe McCarthy was not drafted into WWII, but joined the Marines and did intelligence work with the flyers in the Pacific. He had gone on a dozen or so Photo/Recon missions, occupying the tail-gunner's spot. No, he didn't shoot down any Commies - they were still the good guys, or so we were led to understand, by those American Commies who didn't like that later sniping by Tail-gunner Joe.
Another thing I just now thought of is about the clever idea of the title, as it was the Communists who bitched for half a century later about being blacklisted. Interestingly, there is nothing in this book about blacklisting. That is due to the fact that there was no such thing done by Senator McCarthy. The counterpart to his investigations was the House Un-American Activities Committee which was accused of causing blacklisting in the movie business . This book is directed at the McCarthy story, so only passing mention is made of the HUAC.
I can't cover all the many stories of infiltration, sympathizing, influence, and downright espionage by Communists in the US Gov't of this era that are told in this book. (Those past 4 posts should give the reader a small idea.) I'll just give a brief summary of how this book is laid out and the good (mostly) and a little bad.
This is a LONG book, with 605 pages in my copy. It has 6 sections which I will summarize. Though in the Prologue Mr. Evans describes how difficult it was to find some information, much of it purposefully hidden, removed, or redacted, he includes LOTS and LOTS of details, with 24 pages of notes and sources at the end. (There are only a handful of photos in the book, but the back has photocopies of McCarthy's marked-up list of Communists - historically pretty cool.) Here is that summary:
1) Third Rail: This beginning section of the book describes Joe Mccarthy's relationship with other politicians and the Washington FS social scene, and with the press. It also gives a general summary of all the myriad Communist schemes in the "Red infiltration", with an introduction to some of those traitorous characters.
2) Back Story: Section 2 (example chapters Chungking, 1944 and Reds, Lies, and Audiotape) gives the background going back to the mid-1930's about the Communists in the US State department that ran lots of American foreign policy in Asia at a most critical time. I guess there were lots of critical times over there, but this involved the ongoing battle - partially interrupted by the Japanese invasion - between Mao's Red Communists and the Nationalists led by Chiang Kai Shek.
This history was unknown to me until the reading of this book. "Who lost China?" was asked by foreign policy historians for years to come. "Lost" may not be the best word for what happened. These chapters describe infiltrators in the affairs of what was by far the biggest power in the world already to help the Communists gain rule of the biggest population of the world. I don't have room for all the details and the names here, but I note that, after their work was over, some of these people fled to China. It was a travesty that they had been let to operate within the US Government.
3) Blowup: Wheeling, 1950 marked the start of Senator McCarthy's entry to the world of the rooting out of Communists from their holes. Wheeling, W. Virginia is where McCarthy made his first speech on this issue. That the press was against him from the get-go is shown by that their argument against his accusations was about a difference in numbers of Communists on the Senator's list, 205 vs 57. The 2 numbers were of 2 different lists, and McCarthy maintained that he used the correct (lower) one in his speech. This can't be proven, as the one and only recording by a Wheeling radio station was conveniently lost. (There's nothing new under the sun.) Apparently (to the press) this discrepancy somehow discredited Joe McCarthy right then and there. Ha, "I'm just getting warmed up!"
The rest of this section is a description of the "Tydings Hearings", named after D-party Maryland Senator Millard Tydings. Senator Tydings was supposed to be working on behalf of Joe McCarthy's accusations, but he did nothing but minimize the seriousness of it, treat the accused with kid gloves, and obfuscate. In the meantime, Democrat (yes, it was a different era) Senator Pat McCarran of Nevada had attached an amendment to some bill to specify greater scrutiny of employees at the State Dept., but this was hardly ever adhered to. Some bureaucrats did not want to know, and others knew but wanted it to continue.
The whole long Tydings thing was frustrating for Senator McCarthy, but I'd say also for the reader of Blacklisted by History, as this section dragged on too much for, well, THIS reader. It may be just me, as I could not hold in my head all the different people, committees, and proceedings that were described therein.
4) Mole Hunts: While keeping on the timeline of Joe McCarthy's short career in the US Senate, the chapters of the 4th section tell a number of stories of the various investigations of State Department
But a substantial part of the operation could have been exposed in 1945 had steps been taken to follow the tangled threads of Amerasia back in their mysterious sources. In the five-year span between the fix and the McCarthy blowup of 1950, the fall of China was accomplished.As important as China was, the Soviet Union was the Mothership to these people, and the influence these Communists exerted was most blatant at times. From page 407 in the chapter Dr Jesup and Mr. Field, we read this bit that can be learned of elsewhere, without a study of Joe McCarthy's work: Regarding the Institute of Pacific Relations and the American Peace Mobilization:
As seen, this was one of the most blatant front groups ever, created during the Hitler-Stalin pact to agitate against American aid to Britain in its death struggle with the Nazis, then allied with Moscow. Among its projects, in which [Frederick] Field would play a leading role, were calling President Roosevelt a warmonger for his efforts to help the British and picketing the White House with posters saying, "The Yanks Are Not Coming," All this ceased instantly on June 22, 1941, after Hitler invaded Russia, at which point Field and the APM ditched their peace signs and came out for U.S. Involvement in the war against the Nazis. It couldn't get more obvious than that.
5) Hard Ball: Much of the stonewalling and sabotaging of Senator McCarthy's investigation was from the Harry Truman administration. Things looked up for the program of rooting out the Commies once President Eisenhower and a greater number of Republicans in Congress took office in January of '53. This next section has many more stories, but they are less frustrating, as McCarthy had more power and help from fellow Republicans at this point.
The focus shifts from Asia to America for this section. One thing that is mentioned and really stands out about these stories is that Joe McCarthy did not intend to set out on dozens of different investigations of many agencies of the US Government. It's just that one thing kept leading to another.
6) End Game: The final 3 chapters of the book cover the official Senate censure of Senator Joe McCarthy in 1954. The ctrl-left finally had their day. The Senator had 46 charges against him as some kind of pariah and uncivil member of the Senate. 46 charges - that sounds baaad, don't it? It was almost all hoohey, and all but 2 were too stupid to be followed up on, and the Senate ended up with 1. Mr. Evans describes how the remaining one was such hypocrisy, as McCarthy was being charged for behavior the left had been consistent at. It didn't matter about the nasty accusations of his accuser Senator Ralph Flanders (R-Vermont), as he was not on trial there, per their many reminders to the accused McCarthy.
In the end, Ike cucked and supported the censure. Still, less than 1/2 of the Republicans voted against Joe McCarthy. That and the partisan Democrats was enough though. As we learned from Walking through the Fire by and about Congressman Steve King, being censured means one loses lots of power from committee assignments. Personally, I'd stick and hope for the support from my State, but then that was the problem with Amendment XVII - what had been State power became more national.
I urge the reader with the time on his hands to read this excellent history book. One may think it not worth his time to fixate on the travails of one man and one issue from long ago. This story, though, is more broad than just a story of hearings after hearings, minute details of the traitors in the State Department, and all that. This is book is a history of a time when the Long March of Communism through the American institutions was just getting underway. It could have been stopped. With the help of their Lyin' Press arm of the time, the Commies got through mostly unscathed. What we were left with in addition to their successful march is a 70-year duration lie about a good man doing his best to stop the destruction.
PS: Oh, yeah, I'll add some (very minor) cons of the book. The section on the Tydings Hearings is just too much, IMO. Also, about 2/3 of the way through, I noticed more incomplete sentences, as if the publisher changed editors, perhaps outsourcing that work to India. Oh yeah, there's some weird deal in which the author pluralizes "advices" or something like that. (It's been a while - shoulda' taken notes.) These are all mere quibbles.
* What'd old Ronnie say about the economics here? Peak Stupidity's specific example is "if you want more overdue books, get rid of the fines." (One of the lesser-known parts of the de-policing policies in memory of George Floyd, perhaps? Mr. Floyd can rest in peace knowing his next of kin will be able to breath easier knowing there won't be library fines hanging on their necks... I mean the ones that read books... OK, forget it.)
** His chapter titles are very good.